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Welfare Reform and American Indian Tribes

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Publication Date: April 2002

Publisher(s): Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Topic: Population and demographics (Native races)
Social conditions (Public welfare and social services)

Type: Report

Coverage: United States


American Indian tribes have new options under the 1996 Welfare Reform legislation that created Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), a block grant enacted to replace the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). TANF, which expires in September of this year, provides cash assistance to poor families with children, including poor American Indian Families, and gives tribes the option to design and administer their own family assistance programs following approval of the plan by the Department of Health and Human Services. As Congress considers TANF reauthorization, three new publications prepared for the Kaiser Family Foundation provide insight into the opportunities presented by the tribal TANF option as well as challenges to its effective implementation.