Costs and benefits of children : implications for population policy
Publication Date: January 1989
Publisher(s): East-West Center
Author(s): Bryant Robey
Series: Asia-Pacific population & policy ; no. 8
Promoting preferences for smaller families is often a central concern of population policies to lower fertility rates. These policies recognize that individual choice, as well as such factors as access to contraceptives or knowledge of methods, can play a significant role. Parents' family-size preferences are strongly affected by their perceptions of the value, economic contributions, and costs of children. In developing nations, the desire for large families is especially influenced by parental expectations of economic contributions from their children. As nations gain in economic development, however, people typically no longer view their children as an economic advantage, but more frequently cite psychological advantages to having children.