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India's globalization : evaluating the economic consequences

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Publication Date: January 2006

Publisher(s): East-West Center Washington

Author(s): Baldev Raj Nayar

Series: East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy studies ; 22

Topic: Economics (Economic relations)
Economics (Economic policy, planning, and development)

Type: Report

Coverage: India

Abstract:

This study systematically evaluates the economic consequences of globalization for India in the light of the attack of the critics against globalization on grounds of economic stagnation, "deindustrialization," "denationalization," destabilization, and impoverishment. On the basis of abundant qualitative and quantitative data, it strongly repudiates the case of the critics, and demonstrates that India has been a significant beneficiary of the globalization process. Instead of economic stagnation, India has seen acceleration in its average annual rate of economic growth. Instead of deindustrialization, there has been substantial industrial growth and, indeed, acceleration in the industrial growth rate. Instead of denationalization, business in India is now more competitive and is venturing forth into the global market; increased imports and the entry of foreign multinationals have not swamped it; essentially, India is master of its own destiny. Instead of economic destabilization, there has been since the paradigm shift in economic policy in 1991 a marked absence of economic crisis in India. And, instead of impoverishment, India has seen a long and unprecedented period of welfare enhancement since it began its reintegration into the world economy in 1975; there has been a secular decline in poverty since then, while inequality has not increased much. The policy conclusion that flows from this experience is that India ought to be, in general, more open to globalization in the interest of sustaining the acceleration in economic growth and enhancing the welfare of its people. To this end it should push forward with the reform agenda.