Jews and Fundamentalism
Publication Date: January 2005
Publisher(s): Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
Author(s): Samuel C. Heilman
Series: Jewish Political Studies Review, 17:1-2
Special Collection: Berman Jewish Policy Archive
Keywords: Culture; Educators; Haredi (ultra-Orthodox) Judaism; Jewish Outreach
The author posits two categories of fundamentalist Haredi (ultra-Orthodox) Judaism: active and quiescent (passive). The former category includes Chabad and the religious Israeli settlers; the latter includes the yeshiva-centered Jewish enclaves. The author discusses the recent decline of non-fundamentalist Modern Orthodoxy, tracing the trend to factors including: the perceived decline of American culture since the 1960s; the increasing predominance of Haredi teachers and rabbis in Jewish day schools; and the influence of Israeli Haredi yeshivas and seminaries at which American Orthodox high school graduates spend a gap year studying.