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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Analysis of Changes Made by P.L. 108-446

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Publication Date: January 2005

Publisher(s): Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service

Series: RL32716

Topic: Population and demographics (Disabled)


The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the main federal program authorizing state and local aid for special education and related services for children with disabilities. On December 3, 2004, President Bush signed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (P.L. 108-446), a major reauthorization and revision of IDEA. The new law preserves the basic structure and civil rights guarantees of IDEA but also makes significant changes in the law. Most provisions of P.L. 108-446 go into effect on July 1, 2005. This report, which will not be updated, details the changes made by P.L. 108-446.