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The Decline in African-American Representation in Unions and Manufacturing, 1979-2006

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Publication Date:

Publisher(s): Center for Economic and Policy Research

Author(s): John Schmitt; Ben Zipperer

Topic: Labor (Unions)

Keywords: Ethnic workers; Manufacturing industry; Automobile industry

Type: Report

Coverage: United States


This report details the sharp decline in African-American employment in manufacturing and the even sharper decline in African-American unionization rates. The study, which analyzed data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Current Population Survey, shows that the share of American workers in unions continues to fall, but unionization rates for African-Americans have declined more sharply than for the rest of the workforce.