Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice Policy and Practice
Publication Date: February 2005
Author(s): Edward P. Mulvey
Special Collection: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Keywords: Juvenile offenders; Psychology; Juvenile delinquency; Actuarial science
Coverage: United States
This chapter reviews some of the assumptions about risk assessment that underpin certain juvenile justice policies and practices. It addresses three places where risk assessment plays a central role. First, it provides an overview of policy about transfer to the adult court and how risk assessment notions are built into these statutes. Next, it briefly reviews how risk assessment has been systematized by developing actuarial instruments, highlighting the conditions under which these instruments operate well. Finally, it examines how risk assessment first into the discretionary judgments made by juvenile court professionals and clinicians on a daily basis. The chapter ends by proposing three points about risk assessment in general that might help to improve policy and practice regarding juveniles specifically.
Chapter 10 from book Juvenile Delinquency: Prevention, Assessment, and Intervention (ed. Kirk Heilbrun; pub. Oxford University Press).