Black Swans, Conspiracy Theories, and the Quixotic Search for Fraud: A Look at Hausmann and Rigobon's Analysis of Venezuela's Referendum Vote
Publication Date: September 2004
Publisher(s): Center for Economic and Policy Research
Keywords: Electronic voting; International monitoring; Hugo Chavez
In this paper, CEPR responds to Hausmann and Rigobon’s study claiming electronic fraud in Venezuela's August 15, 2004 recall referendum. It shows that they provide no evidence of fraud — a conclusion subsequently confirmed by an independent panel of statisticians selected by the Carter Center.