Ending Social Promotion in New York City Public Schools Without Leaving Children Behind
Publication Date: January 2009
Publisher(s): RAND Corporation
Author(s): Jennifer Sloan McCombs; Sheila Nataraj Kirby; Louis T. Mariano; Al Crego; Catherine DiMartino; Daniel Gershwin; Gina Schuyler Ikemoto; Vi-Nhuan Le; Julie A. Marsh; Scott Naftel; Nailing Xia; Claude Messan Setodji
RAND researchers conducted a three-year study of New York City's promotion policy, using interviews, case studies, student surveys, and demographic and test score data to determine its effects on the outcomes of 5th-grade students held to the policy.