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The Job Training Partnership Act: Training Programs at a Glance

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Publication Date: February 1998

Publisher(s): Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service

Series: 94-807

Topic: Education (Adult, technical, and vocational education)


The Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA), first enacted in 1982, is the country’s chief training legislation. JTPA is primarily composed of programs focusing on the training needs of economically disadvantaged individuals facing serious barriers to employment. Programs are administered by the Department of Labor; most are permanently authorized. FY1998 appropriations for JTPA total approximately $5.0 billion. For FY1999, the President has requested nearly $5.2 billion, an increase of 3% over the FY1998 total. Unless otherwise noted, FY1998 funds are available for JTPA program year 1998 (July 1, 1998, through June 30, 1999) and FY1999 funds will be available for program year 1999 (July 1, 1999, through June 30, 2000).

The 105th Congress is considering legislation to reform federal education and training programs. The House has passed the Employment, Training, and Literacy Act of 1997
(H.R. 1385), which includes amendments to JTPA among its provisions, The Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee has reported the Workforce Investment Act of 1997 (S. 1186), which would (among other things) repeal JTPA and replace it with Title III of the Act.1