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Conversion of Credit Union Charter to Mutual Savings Bank Charter: Current Legal Process and Congressional Response

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Publication Date: January 2006

Publisher(s): Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service

Series: RS22364

Topic: Banking and finance (Banks and other financial institutions)

Abstract:

There are several statutory requirements imposed by the Credit Union Membership Access Act (CUMAA) for converting a federal credit union to a mutual savings bank. In addition, the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), the federal agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions, has issued regulations requiring significant disclosures by a federal credit union attempting to convert its charter to a mutual savings bank. Some of these disclosures are considered by critics to be speculative in nature, such as whether the directors of the converted institution intend later to convert to a stock-issuing entity, thereby possibly enriching themselves. Others believe that this kind of information is at the heart of the conversion process and should be disclosed. H.R. 3206, 109th Congress, has been introduced to limit the kinds of disclosures required, in particular disclosures of a speculative nature. This report will be updated as needed.