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Discrimination and Health Care Utilization

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Publication Date: December 2005

Publisher(s): Pardee Rand Graduate School

Author(s): Janice C. Blanchard

Topic: Health (Health services for minorities)

Type: Report

Abstract:

Despite improvements in medical technology and increased availability of health care, blacks have continued to suffer excess mortality for a number of common health conditions. This dissertation examines the ways in which discrimination can affect health care utilization. Using data from the Commonwealth Fund 2001 Health Care Quality Survey, it focuses on key measures of perceived discrimination as well as measures of health care utilization. Minorities were significantly more likely than whites to report being treated with disrespect or being looked down upon in the patient-provider relationship. Persons who thought that they would have received better treatment if they were of a different race were significantly less likely to receive optimal chronic disease screening and more likely not to follow the doctor’s advice or put off care. Racial concordance of patient and provider did not affect whether a patient perceived being treated with respect in the patient-provider setting. While improving the numbers of minority providers in the health care setting is critical, the Commonwealth Fund data suggest that this is not the only pathway that must be addressed.