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Pets and Smoking in the Home Associated with Asthma Symptoms and Asthma-Like Breathing Problems

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Publication Date: February 2007

Publisher(s): UCLA Center for Health Policy Research

Author(s): E. Richard Brown; Susan H. Babey; Theresa A. Hastert; Ying-Ying Meng

Funder(s): California Endowment

Funder(s): California Endowment

Topic: Health (Diseases and disorders)

Keywords: asthma; pets

Type: Brief

Coverage: California


Many Californians are exposed to environmental conditions in the home -- such as the presence of tobacco smoke and furry pets -- which can trigger asthma symptoms. In addition, many who have not been diagnosed with asthma experience asthma-like breathing problems when exposed to these same indoor conditions. Using results from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), this policy brief examines the association of asthma symptoms and asthma-like breathing problems with smoking and the presence of tobacco smoke in the home, and with the presence of dogs and cats in the home. This brief presents the prevalence of monthly asthma symptoms among adults and children with active asthma and the prevalence of wheezing and other asthma-like symptoms in the previous year among those not diagnosed with asthma.