Women's Work Supports, Job Retention, and Job Mobility
Publication Date: November 2004
Publisher(s): Institute for Women’s Policy Research
Author(s): Sunhwa Lee
Special Collection: The Joyce Foundation
Keywords: low-cost childcare ; public pre-kindergarten; low-income mothers
Coverage: United States
This report finds that low-income mothers are much more likely to stay employed if their jobs provide childcare and health insurance. These mothers largely have to rely on low-cost childcare options such as help from relatives, with less than 20% using organized care. The report recommends more financial support for childcare, expansion of Head Start, and public pre-kindergarten as policies that can help mothers keep their jobs and stay off welfare.
Health insurance plays an important role in job stability, and mothers with health benefits become more productive workers and are less likely to change jobs. With all personal and other job characteristics being equal, mothers with employer-provided health insurance are nearly three times more likely to stay on the job compared to mothers without employer-provided health insurance.