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Increasing Opportunities: Creating and Expanding Transitional Jobs Programs for TANF Recipients Under the Deficit Reduction Act

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Publication Date: December 2006

Publisher(s): Center for Law and Social Policy

Author(s): Abbey Frank

Special Collection: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

Topic: Social conditions (Public welfare and social services)

Type: Report

Coverage: United States


The passage of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA) significantly changed the structure of the work requirements mandated in the federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. Faced with increased work participation rate requirements and stricter definitions of the allowable work activities, states are now facing difficult choices regarding their TANF programs.

One program model that has been proven to improve employment outcomes is transitional jobs (TJ) programs. TJ programs have been used successfully to provide hard-to-employ TANF recipients with paid work experience. This policy paper outlines the ways in which states should report participation in transitional jobs programs under the interim final rule.

On December 21, 2006, HHS issued new guidance to states regarding their work verification plans. This paper has been updated to reflect that guidance.