An Empirical Portrait of Community Reentry Among Serious Juvenile Offenders in Two Metropolitan Cities
Publication Date: November 2007
Special Collection: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Keywords: Aftercare; Reentry; Juvenile offenders; Community reintegration
Coverage: Pennsylvania Arizona
This study examined the community reentry process among 413 serious adolescent offenders released from juvenile court commitments in two metropolitan areas. Data are provided about postrelease court supervision and community-based services (CBSs) during the first 6 months in the community as well as indicators of antisocial activity, formal system involvement, school attendance, and employment. Findings indicate that a far greater proportion of offenders reported receiving supervision than CBSs, but when utilized, the frequency of CBS use was high, and intensive services reduced the odds of formal system involvement. In addition, court supervision increased the likelihood of positive adjustment during community reentry. These results held after controlling for social context variables, including peer deviance, parental monitoring, and contact with caring adults.