Activist Fiscal Policy to Stabilize Economic Activity
Publication Date: August 2009
Publisher(s): Tax Policy Center
Special Collection: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Keywords: Economic Development; Federal Budgets & Fiscal Policy; Income and Wealth Distribution; Tax Distribution and Economic Trends
Facing the most severe recession since the 1930s, and probably the longest as well, the U.S. government has adopted an aggressive countercyclical fiscal policy stance, beginning with the ?Economic Stimulus Act of 2008? in February of that year, shortly after the recession?s designated starting date, and followed one year later by the much larger ?American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Act of 2009.? These two bills, adopted under different presidents, both contained temporary tax rebates for households and temporary investment incentives for firms, indicating at least limited bipartisan acceptance of these approaches to countercyclical stimulus.