,Cost, Commitment, and Attainment in Higher Education: An International Comparison

Cost, Commitment, and Attainment in Higher Education: An International Comparison


Publication Date: May 2009

Publisher: Jobs for the Future, Inc.

Author(s): Young Kim; Arthur M. Hauptman

Research Area: Education

Keywords: college affordability; student success; postsecondary; attainment

Type: Report

Coverage: United States


JFF commissioned this report to provide an international perspective on the productivity agenda of Making Opportunity Affordable, a multiyear initiative focused on increasing productivity within U.S. higher education, particularly at two-year and four-year public colleges and universities. Authors Arthur Hauptman and Young Kim compare and analyze data on:

Cost: The amount that countries spend on tertiary education per student;
Commitment: The share of GDP a country spends on tertiary education; and
Attainment: The share of working-age adults holding a tertiary education degree.

The report suggests three approaches that the United States should consider to achieve higher attainment at sustainable levels of costs and commitment:

Focus more resources and attention on community colleges.
Pay more attention to developing and implementing strategies to improve completion rates at both two-year and four-year institutions.
Consider increases in enrollments as a means for moderating costs per student and improving productivity.