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Reducing Teen Pregnancy: Adolescent Family Life and Abstinence Education Programs

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Publication Date: February 2005

Publisher(s): Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service

Topic: Social conditions (Sex)


In 2003, 47% of students in grades 9-12 reported that they had experienced sexual intercourse; about 20% of female teens who have had sexual intercourse become pregnant each year. In recognition of the often negative, long-term consequences associated with teenage pregnancy, Congress has provided funding for the prevention of teenage and out-of-wedlock pregnancies. This report discusses two programs that exclusively attempt to reduce teenage pregnancy. The Adolescent Family Life (AFL) demonstration program was enacted in 1981 as Title XX of the Public Health Service Act, and the Abstinence Education program was enacted in 1996 as part of the welfare reform legislation. This report will be updated as new information becomes available.


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