Wild Horse and Burro Issues

Publication Date: December 2005

Publisher: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service


Research Area: Environment



The Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971 sought to protect wild horses and burros on federal lands and placed them under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Forest Service (FS). Management of wild horses and burros has long been controversial. Current issues include the priority to be given wild horses and burros in land use decisions, removal of animals from the range, adoption and sales programs, slaughter of animals, holding animals in facilities, use of fertility control, and costs of management. This report will be updated to reflect developments.