Alternatives Assessment for Toxics Use Reduction: A Survey of Methods and Tools

Publication Date: January 2005

Publisher: Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Institute

Author(s): Pamela Civie; Mark Rossi; Sally Edwards

Research Area: Business; Environment; Labor

Keywords: alternatives assessment; assessment methods; toxic chemicals

Type: Report


One of the key challenges in toxics use reduction planning is alternatives assessment. This is the process whereby a chemical, material or product that has been identified as toxic is compared with alternatives to find a substitute that is safer for workers, communities and ecosystems. This report reviews nine methods for alternatives assessment of chemicals that have been developed by government and private organizations in the United States and Europe and is designed to assist Massachusetts companies in the process of alternatives assessment for chemical hazards.