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Jewish Women in the Former Yugoslavia

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Publication Date: November 1999

Publisher(s): Hadassah International Research Institute on Jewish Women

Author(s): Ana Lebl

Series: Working Paper Series no. 6, November 1999

Special Collection: Berman Jewish Policy Archive

Topic: Culture and religion (Religion and religious groups)
Population and demographics (Women)
Social conditions (History)

Keywords: Women; Jewish Organizations; History

Type: Brief

Abstract:

The author provides an overview of Jewish history in the former Yugoslavia, with an emphasis on the lives and activities of women. Until the Holocaust, the diverse Jewish community prospered and Jewish womenÂ’s organizations multiplied and grew. Jewish women were active in organizing and providing aid, in supplies and medical work, in every Balkan war. After the decimation of the Holocaust, only a fraction of the community remained. Yugoslavia enjoyed relative freedom of movement and freedom of religion under the Soviet regime, however, and eventually some womenÂ’s organizations were rebuilt and were able to continue their benevolent work throughout the modern conflicts, even at the high point of violence in Sarajevo. Each of the new countries continues to have its own womenÂ’s organizations, even in smaller communities like Split, where the Jewish population is only 120.